At the heart of Delhi’s gated old city, the imposing Red Fort is an important symbol of Indian independence from British rule. Construction began on this ornate structure in 1638 and it served as the palace for Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and succeeding rulers of the empire. The treasured fort is now a UNESCO World Heritage Listed site and is cared for by the Archaeological Survey of India.
Old city served as the capital of the Mughal Empire and the Red Fort was its imperial palace until British Rule was imposed in 1857. The last emperor to reside here was Bahadur Shah II. As a leader of the independence movement, the British returned the emperor to the fort as a prisoner where he remained for a year before being exiled. Because of this, the fort has remained a powerful symbol of Indian Independence.
The fort gets its name from the red sandstone that was used in its construction and is thought of as a fort due to the impenetrably high walls that surround it.
Elements of Hindu, Islamic and Persian influences can be seen throughout the stunning complex and it has gone on to influence architectural style throughout the region. This important national symbol is today a revered site and popular tourist attraction.
Lahore Gate leads to the fort where a tourist bazaar can be found selling souvenirs. This leads to the fort compound and a large plaza like area. Once inside, the fort’s famous areas can be explored, such as White Marble Hall of Private Audiences, the Royal Baths and the Hall of Public Audiences. A sound and light show takes place every evening at 6pm (except Mondays) with the fort as an impressive backdrop. The nearest metro station is Chandni Chowk.